Chinchilla Rabbits - Learn about the history and description of Standard, American, Gigantas and Giant Chinchillas, all of which have many uses.
Somewhere in the fog-shrouded past of French bunny-history a kit was born to wild agouti colored rabbits, but it was missing half its color. In every other way it looked exactly like its littermates - lush, black and white-tipped fur, but instead of the rufus red or tan sheen underneath the dark tipping that gives chestnut agoutis their wild-rabbit coloring, a silvery pearl glint glowed within the fur of this strange but fascinating young rabbit.
And the French farmer in whose hutch this beautiful rabbit was born was suddenly a rich man.
Well, okay, we don’t know his finances for a fact since he lived in the late 1800’s into the early 1900's, but we do know that chinchilla-colored rabbits flew out of the hands of Le Bonhomme Chinchilla, his nickname on the quays of the Marche aux Oiseaux in Paris where he hawked his rabbits. Parisians were enchanted with these exotic rabbits whose coats were very nearly identical to the color of South American chinchillas.
The ‘official’ Chinchilla breed history lists Monsieur Dybowski, a French engineer and rabbit breeder, as the creator of the Chinchilla rabbit. Without a doubt, chinchilla fur color predated Monsieur Dybowski, who apparently was the driving force behind the development of the Chinchilla breed as it is known in France today.
Mr. Dybowski put together a blue Beveren doe with a chestnut
agouti buck - a local French farm rabbit of no particular bloodline - and
voila, he got a chinchilla-colored rabbit. The quality of the fur on these
first chinchillas was poor, so various breeds were introduced to improve the
density and pearl-white ring color under the jet-black tipping.
1913 was when chinchillas were first shown in France, and in 1914, Mr. Dybowski’s chins took top honors at the national show.
Chinchillas were all the rage in Europe. They arrived in the UK in 1917 and in the United States in 1919, creating a new storm of interest just as the Belgian Hare Boom was waning. They were recognized under the name 'Chinchilla Rabbit' in 1924, in the USA, however as larger chinchilla breeds were developed, the Chinchilla became known as the Standard Chinchilla.
Today there are four separate breeds of Chinchilla rabbits, distinguished primarily by size, for they all have the same black tipped fur with the silvery pearl glint.
While we can't be sure about the number of francs in the pocket of the old Frenchman Le Bonhomme Chinchilla, we do know that rabbits, including Chinchillas, did enrich at least one man. The late Mr. Edward H. Stahl has the distinction of making a million dollars from his rabbits, including Chinchillas and Giant Chinchillas, which he helped create.
When the fur industry took a hit due to WWII, interest in
chinchillas began to wane. Two of the breeds below, the American Chinchilla and the
Giant Chinchilla, are listed with the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy under 'critically endangered,' and
Standard Chinchillas weigh up to 7 ½ pounds in the USA. Maximum adult weight in the UK is 6.73 lb (3.060 kg). They are a medium-small breed.
The chinchilla hair shaft is an agouti one, having several rings:
The chinchilla color lightens a bit as it drops down toward the belly, and the belly itself is white, with either white or blue next to the belly skin.
Leave it to Americans to not be satisfied with the smallish size of the standard chinchilla. They bred selectively for larger size and finer meat.
In 1924, the American Chinchilla was initially recognized under the name, American Heavyweight Chinchilla, and later shortened to American Chinchilla. American Chinchilla rabbits weigh between 9-12 pounds and carry a commercial body type and typical chinchilla color.
Visit the American Chinchilla national club (USA)
The American Chinchilla is now listed as critically endangered by the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy (ALBC).
Development of the Chinchilla Giganta began in 1917 in England, and refinement continued in Germany and Europe. Chinchilla Rabbits were interbred with Flemish Giants and other European giant breeds. They were recognized as a breed in France by 1948. We suspect Chinchilla Gigantas are significantly larger than the Giant Chinchillas of the USA but identical in every other way.
Standard Chins had no sooner arrived in America, than folks began working to create a giant version. Mr. Ed Stahl was instrumental in this effort. The Standard Chinchilla was crossed mainly with White Flemish Giants and American Blues, with a touch of New Zealand Whites and Champagne d’Argents.
Giant Chinchillas were recognized by the ARBA in 1928. Today the Giant Chinchilla is heavy boned and long bodied, with commercial value being a prime consideration. Their maximum weight is listed as 16 pounds (does).
Visit the Giant Chinchilla national club (USA)
Giant Chinchillas are included on the "Watch" list of the ALBC, as their numbers have been dwindling.
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